Adsorption of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by native and activated bentonite: Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic study


JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.179, pp.332-339, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 179
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.332-339
  • Keywords: Pb(II), Adsorption, Kinetics, Equilibrium, Thermodynamic, REMOVAL, LEAD, SORPTION, MONTMORILLONITE, KAOLINITE, SAMPLES, METALS, SODIUM, MODELS, COPPER
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of Pb(II) ions on native (NB) and acid activated (AAB) bentonites were examined. The specific surface areas, pore size and pore-size distributions of the samples were fully characterized. The adsorption efficiency of Pb(II) onto the NB and AAB was increased with increasing temperature. The kinetics of adsorption of Pb(II) ions was discussed using three kinetic models, the pseudo-first-order, the pseudo-second-order and the intra-particle diffusion model. The experimental data fitted very well the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The initial sorption rate and the activation energy were also calculated. The activation energy of the sorption was calculated as 16.51 and 13.66 kJ mol(-1) for NB and AAB, respectively. Experimental results were also analysed by the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Redushkevich (D-R) isotherm equations at different temperatures. R-L separation factor for Langmuir and the n value for Freundlich isotherm show that Pb(II) ions are favorably adsorbed by NB and AAB. Thermodynamic quantities such as Gibbs free energy (Delta G), the enthalpy (Delta H) and the entropy change of sorption (Delta S) were determined as about -5.06, 10.29 and 0.017 kJ mol(-1) K-1, respectively for AAB. It was shown that the sorption processes were an endothermic reactions, controlled by physical mechanisms and spontaneously. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.