The contribution of herbs to the accumulation of histamine in "Otlu" cheese

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Ekici K., Coskun H., Tarakci Z., Ondul E., Sekeroglu R.

JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.30, no.3, pp.362-371, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1745-4514.2006.00062.x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.362-371


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of herbs and the use of raw milk on histamine accumulation in "Otlu" (Herby) cheese during ripening. Cow's milk was used for the cheese production. The milk was divided into two main groups: one was used raw and the other was pasteurized at 65C for 30 min. Each group was further divided into two subparts, one of which was used as control (without herbs), while 2% (w/v) of the herbs were added into the other to produce Herby cheese. All cheeses were ripened at 7C for 90 days. The cheese samples were analyzed in terms of histamine content, titratable acidity, dry matter, salt and degree of ripening on days 5, 30, 60 and 90. Total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (MAB) were also counted during ripening. The use of raw milk and the addition of herb both increased histamine formation in Otlu cheeses (P < 0.05). Moreover, higher water-soluble nitrogen values, as degree of ripening, were obtained from both raw milk and herb-added cheeses. The number of MAB was higher in raw cheeses (P < 0.05) and also herb-added cheeses. The study suggests that the addition of herbs may facilitate histamine formation in Herby cheese.