Microbiological and biochemical changes in herby cheese during ripening


Coskun H.

NAHRUNG-FOOD, cilt.42, ss.309-313, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 42 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 1998
  • Dergi Adı: NAHRUNG-FOOD
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.309-313

Özet

The aim of this study was to determine and compare the microbiological, biochemical and sensory characteristics of herby cheese made with two different methods. In the first method (M1), milk and herbs were pasteurized at 65 degrees C for 30 min, and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and L. lactis subsp. cremoris were added as starter culture at an inoculum ratio of 1.5%. In the second method (M2), the conventional cheesemaking was applied. Microbiological and biochemical changes were monitored throughout the ripening period of 90 days. Samples were taken from cheeses on days 1, 15, 30, 60, and 90. At the end of ripening, sensory characteristics of cheeses manufactured with both methods were evaluated. The obtained results suggested that most changes in pH, titratable acidity, and dry matter contents of cheese varieties were not found to differ statistically significant, but the difference in salt content was significant (P < 0.01). Total aerobic count, lac tic acid bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, coliforms, moulds, yeasts, proteolytic and lipolytic microorganism counts were lower in M1 cheese samples than those of M2 cheese samples (P < 0.01). The numbers of psychrotrophic microorganism in both cheese types were not found to differ significantly. Moreover, the results suggested that there were significant differences (P < 0.01) in the degrees of proteolysis and lipolysis of the cheese varieties. High proteolysis and lipolysis rates were monitored in the traditional cheese samples. However, there were no significant differences between the sensory characteristics of cheese samples.