Major flavan-3-ol composition and antioxidant activity of seeds from different grape cultivators grown in Turkey

Bakkalbasi E. , YEMIS O., ASLANOVA D., ARTIK N.

EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.221, no.6, pp.792-797, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 221 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00217-005-0050-x
  • Page Numbers: pp.792-797


The major flavan-3-ols composition and antioxidant activity of the seeds of 12 different common grape varieties that grow in Turkey were investigated. The quantities of gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavan-3-ol were determined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and spectrophotometric method in grape seeds extracts. Gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavan-3-ol varied from 18 to 101, 121-845, 85-893 and 4 507-13 360 mg/100 g in grape seeds, respectively. The seeds of Papaz Karasi, Alicante Boushet and Kalecik Karasi cultivars were good sources for these compounds among the cultivars examined. In most cultivars, the amount of epicatechin was greater than that of catechin. The cultivars that have high total flavan-3-ol content had the strongest free radical scavenging activities and results were shown that there is a highly significant correlation between the total flavan-3-ol content and antiradical efficiency (AE) (r=0.9168, P<0001).